GUNTUR: Three young technocrats have set up the world’s first plastic-to-petrol making plant in Guntur. The research by BV Satish Kumar, Mahesh Siripurapu and Mithun Prem Chand helped Needa Green Energey Limited (NGEL) to come out with path-breaking innovation to make use of the plastic to manufacture reusable fuels including petrol and diesel.
In fact, Guntur Municipal Corporation (GMC) has hit a jackpot as the NGEL plant is likely to produce the entire fuel required for the vehicles operated by the civic body. The GMC spends a massive amount on fuel for vehicles used for collection and transportation of garbage to dumping yard. The new plant will not only reduce the financial burden of the civic body but put GMC on the global map making it the only civic body to make maximum use of plastic waste. “Our technology converts any kind of plastic waste into diesel, kerosene and petrol and activated carbon. It doesn’t involve burning of plastic by any means,” said Mahesh Siripurapu, the MD of NGEL which floated the project for GMC. He said that the plant uses electricity to heat and convert plastic to gaseous state and then condenses and distills it into diesel, kerosene and petrol. “Processing happens in vacuum and at atmospheric pressure, hence causing no air pollution. Technology doesn’t need a chimney or exhaust,” said BV Satish Kumar, director of Needa Green Energy Limited (NGEL). Satish Kumar is a mechanical engineer by education and a green and clean technology evangelist by passion. His passion with perseverance and years of research, helped him invent the unique technology to convert plastics into fuel. He said that the process involves no chimney, proof to the fact that there would be no gaseous effluents left into the air and the little amounts of methane (around 2%) produced during the process is used up by the generator which produces electricity used in heating the plastic.
According to NGEL Director (Operations), Mithun Premchand, their new plant is the only system in the world in the domain of waste plastic processing in which waste plastic processing happens in atmospheric pressure or at pressures less than 1 bar and consequently provides for a safe working environment unlike Pyrolysis which is essentially a pressurised system fraught with safety hazards. The plastic waste, once it enters the kiln, is sublimated in the absence of oxygen. In fact, the entire process happens under vacuum conditions and negates any chances of a fire accident.
GMC Commissioner Anuradha said that the trial run proved that the plant can produce fuels depending on the kind of input plastic waste and capable of converting waste into fuel ranging between 45% to 95%. She further said that the pet coke by product that is left out after plastic processing, can be used as manure or in power generation. While the fuel can be used for its own vehicles, manure can also be sold or directly used in GMC’s parks substantially reducing the use of fertilisers even as the soil is enriched as carbon plays an important role in soil chemistry in providing the plant with the necessary micro and macro nutrients, she added. She confirmed that the end products are certified by Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) and NABL accredited labs. The high heat of almost close to 700 degree Celsius and above means extremely rare chances of any biological organisms being present in the fuel, thereby reasonably eliminating all possible risk from Covid-19 waste.
HIGHLIGHTS OF PLASTIC TO PETROL PLANT
* All byproducts are readily usable
* Fuels can be used in automobiles or factories
* Activated carbon can be used as manure
* Input energy lesser than energy that can be derived out of the output products
* No wastage. All plastic entering the system is converted to usable products
* Economically viable. Value of the output is at least 5 times more than the input costs
* Each batch takes 18 hours to complete the process
* Plant requires just 2-3 people to handle
* Uniqueness of Technology: Non-Pyrolysis, No Chimney, Make in India and Output as Synthetic Fuel including Petrol, Diesel & Kerosene
* We have applied for a patent and it is confirmed by the patent office that the technology is unique: Mahesh Siripurapu